Pension debts are sky-high, but little interest at the Capitol
By Steven Greenhut
May 27, 2015 – 3:10 p.m.
SACRAMENTO — “There are two ways to be fooled. One is to believe what isn’t true; the other is to refuse to believe what is true,” wrote the 19th century Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard. It must be an enduring trait of mankind and especially of politicians, who often fool themselves (and the public) about major problems.
I’m referring to unfunded pension liabilities — the soaring amount of debt to pay for past pension promises to state and local public employees.
As Stanford University scholar David Crane wrote this week in the Capitol Weekly, “As the stock market reaches record levels, little is heard any more from public officials who used to blame market declines for rising pension costs.” Those pension costs keep rising — and keep sucking more funds out of classrooms and local government agencies even in good economic times. The main point in his article revolves around the words, “little is heard.”
In 1999, legislators passed SB 400, which retroactively increased pensions for the California Highway Patrol — and encouraged public-safety agencies across the state to follow. “Though that act amounted to the single greatest issuance of debt in state history, public officials chose an accounting method that supported a claim that the retroactive increases wouldn’t ‘cost a dime,’” he added.
How can state officials continue to use dubious accounting methods today, designed mainly to underplay the size of the pension debt?
A report released last month by the Marin County Civil Grand Jury provides a stark look at how such increases were quietly foisted on the public — and perhaps why the problem continues today. Many observers argue that what happened in that suburban Bay Area county was not an aberration. Simply put, Marin officials took extraordinary measures to hide what they were doing from the public, allegedly in violation of the state’s disclosure rules.
According to the report, the county’s governments increased pension benefits 38 times between 2001 and 2006. Each time, agencies were supposed to provide public notice about the proposed changes, obtain actuarial reports detailing the future costs of the benefit hikes, and detail the degree to which the increases will affect the funds’ financial conditions.
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