By Dan Walters The Sacramento Bee
Published: Tuesday, Mar. 1, 2011 – 12:00 am | Page 3A

Reader, beware: You are about to enter a twilight zone in which the finely shaded nuances of constitutional law collide with power and money politics.

For weeks, the Capitol’s $64 billion question has been whether at least a few Republicans would break ranks and vote for Gov. Jerry Brown’s budget, specifically for giving voters the option of extending temporary income, sales and car taxes, which are expiring, for five more years.

Brown has beseeched GOP legislators publicly and privately to ignore pressure from anti-tax groups, but with scarcely a week remaining in his 60-day window for action, they haven’t yet moved.

The governor’s deadline – March 10 – is 89 days from June 7, the date on which he would like to have a special tax election, and the number is significant.

The plea for Republican votes hinges on an assumption that because the state constitution provides no direct mechanism for voters to approve taxes, it would have to be done by constitutional amendment – a clumsy process at best – and thus would require a two-thirds legislative vote, and support from at least a few GOP legislators.

But that’s where the situation really gets complicated.

Last week, The Bee revealed that GOP senators had obtained an opinion from the Legislature’s lawyer confirming that there is an alternative method of placing taxes before voters without a two-thirds vote. It gives Republicans some political cover since they can argue that Democrats can seek a tax election on their own.

The Legislative Counsel Bureau said the Legislature could, by a simple majority vote, propose to voters an amendment to a previously approved statutory initiative, assumedly one dealing with taxes, that could include tax extensions.

To have an election on such a measure (or multiple measures) in June, however, action would have to occur in a special legislative session, allowing the measure to become law 90 days after its adjournment.

Convoluted? Absolutely. And to Brown and other Democrats, it would be a very unsatisfactory alternative because they want some GOP support for a veneer of bipartisanship. The backdoor approach not only would strip that facade, but would also make the ballot measure appear to be some kind of trick that could alienate voters already leery of raising taxes. And it would invite a legal battle.

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